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Everything You Need to Know About Veterinary Surgery in Medellín: Common Procedures and Postoperative Care


Veterinary surgery is a crucial part of comprehensive pet healthcare. Whether resolving emergencies, treating diseases, or enhancing quality of life, surgical interventions play a vital role. In Medellín, Anilab Veterinaria offers a wide range of surgical services to ensure the well-being of your furry companions. In this article, we will explore the most common surgical procedures, how to prepare for them, and the necessary postoperative care.

Veterinarian performing surgery at Anilab Veterinaria, Medellín

Common Surgical Procedures in Medellín

1. Sterilization (Neutering and Spaying)

Sterilization is one of the most frequent surgeries in veterinary medicine. This procedure helps control the pet population and prevents certain diseases and behavioral problems.

  • Neutering: Performed on males to remove the testicles.

  • Spaying: In females, the ovaries and uterus are removed.

Benefits: Reduced risk of cancer, prevention of uterine infections, and control of aggressive behaviors.

2. Orthopedic Surgery

Orthopedic injuries, such as fractures or dislocations, require specialized interventions to restore normal limb function.

  • Fractures: Repairing broken bones using plates, screws, or pins.

  • Dislocations: Repositioning displaced joints.

Benefits: Improved mobility, reduced pain, and prevention of future complications.

3. Soft Tissue Surgery

This type of surgery includes procedures involving internal organs and soft tissues.

  • Tumor Removal: Removal of cancerous or benign masses.

  • Hernia Repair: Repairing defects in the abdominal wall.

Benefits: Prevention of disease spread and enhancement of quality of life.

4. Emergency Surgery

Emergency situations, such as trauma or ingestion of foreign objects, require quick interventions to save lives.

  • Trauma: Treatment of severe injuries due to accidents.

  • Foreign Object Ingestion: Removal of dangerous objects from the digestive tract.

Benefits: Rapid resolution of critical issues, avoiding severe complications.

5. Dental Surgery

Dental health is essential for overall pet well-being. Dental surgeries address serious problems that cannot be resolved with routine dental care.

  • Tooth Extraction: Removal of damaged or infected teeth.

  • Periodontal Disease Treatment: Deep cleaning and treatment of infections.

Benefits: Pain reduction, infection prevention, and improved eating.

How to Prepare Your Pet for Surgery

1. Preoperative Consultation

Before any surgery, it is vital to conduct a preoperative consultation to assess your pet’s overall health and discuss the procedure.

  • Health Evaluation: Physical exams and blood tests.

  • Procedure Discussion: Explanation of the surgical process and associated risks.

2. Preoperative Instructions

Follow the specific instructions provided by the veterinarian to prepare your pet:

  • Fasting: Generally, fasting for 8-12 hours before surgery is required.

  • Medications: Suspension or adjustment of any prior medication.

  • Hydration: Ensure your pet is well-hydrated.

3. Calm Environment

Provide a calm and comfortable environment for your pet before the surgery:

  • Reduce Stress: Keep your pet calm and avoid stressful situations.

  • Rest Area: Prepare a quiet area where they can rest comfortably.

Postoperative Care for a Safe Recovery

1. Immediate Monitoring

After surgery, your pet may be disoriented or groggy due to anesthesia. Monitor closely for any unusual behavior.

  • Constant Vigilance: Ensure they are in a safe and risk-free place.

  • Pain Management: Administer analgesics as per the veterinarian's instructions.

2. Wound Management

Proper care of the surgical wound is essential to prevent infections and promote healing.

  • Cleaning: Follow the veterinarian's instructions for cleaning the wound.

  • Protection: Use Elizabethan collars or protectors to prevent your pet from licking the wound.

3. Activity Control

Limit your pet's physical activity to prevent the wound from opening or complications from arising.

  • Rest: Keep your pet in a restricted area to limit movement.

  • Avoid Exercise: Prohibit vigorous exercise until the veterinarian authorizes it.

4. Feeding and Medication

Ensure your pet receives the necessary nutrition and medication during recovery.

  • Diet: Follow the veterinarian’s recommendations for postoperative feeding.

  • Medications: Administer any prescribed medication exactly as directed.

5. Veterinary Follow-Up

Postoperative check-ups are crucial to ensure that recovery is progressing properly.

  • Follow-Up Appointments: Schedule follow-up visits to assess wound healing and your pet's overall condition.

  • Complication Monitoring: Inform the veterinarian immediately if you notice signs of infection, swelling, or any other abnormality.


At Anilab Veterinaria, we are committed to the health and well-being of your pets, providing quality veterinary surgery in Medellín. With a team of experienced professionals and advanced technology, we guarantee a comprehensive and compassionate approach in every procedure. Remember that proper preparation and postoperative care are essential for a safe and successful recovery.

Need more information about veterinary surgery in Medellín? Contact us at Anilab Veterinaria to resolve your queries and schedule a consultation with our specialists. We are here to take care of your pet every step of the way!


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